|Topic 2| Reflection #MANG2049

Topic 2 Reflection.jpg

So I noticed that my classmates and I have taken rather different approaches for this question, some that I had missed exploring. While my focus was on how having multiple online identities may influence your professional and personal lives, others like Xin Hui, Adelene and Wan Sia brought up issues of cyber bullying, cyber crimes and identity theft as a result of having multiple online identities. I went to research further on the presence of cyber bullying in Singapore and was surprised to learn that Singapore has the second highest rate of cyber bullying among youths (Family & Life, 2014). This is definitely an area of concern.

One of the blog posts I especially liked was Hui Juan’s post. She had very smooth flow, great use of italics and paragraphing and most importantly, an extremely clear expression of her stance. She had me mentally nodding along to everything she said! It got me thinking how having multiple online identities is perfectly normal because we already possess different identities among different people in real life, what more on the web where we are able to clearly separate our interests.

Julaina’s post reminded me not to be too focused on distinguishing identities between professional and personal lives. Her comparison between a Youtuber and herself on how one has a need for a single, coherent identity and the other, multiple identities, explained how the needs and benefits of a single or multiple identities differ among internet users. Renee, who brought up how people may create new identities in order to seek advice or discussion on issues that are considered a taboo, further encourages the idea of situational benefits.

I must definitely learn to have a more open mind and look at real-world examples instead of being fully dependent on theoretical ideas to broaden my perspective!

Word Count: 300


Blogs I have commented on:

Hui Juan



Family & Life, March 2014, Singapore is the Second Highest Nation of Cyberbullies, http://familyandlife.sg/Nurture/2014/03/Singapore_Second_Highest_Nation_Cyberbullies


|Topic 2|Is this all me? #MANG2049


“Can you introduce yourself?”

Sure! Do you want to know the Twitter Teresa, Facebook Teresa, LinkedIn Teresa or the Instagram Teresa?

Your online identity is made up of multiple partial identities, from the persona you create to represent yourself, the interactions you make with different websites (Internet Society) to the identities created by everyone else that has access to your information (Costa, Torres, 2011). Like many others, I possess a number of different identities online. The question is does this do me more harm than good?

Taken from Online Colleges

This is a section of an infographic by Online Colleges that shows how employers are increasingly utilizing social media in the hiring process.

This phenomenon creates an increasing need for people to create a curated version of themselves online to make themselves more hireable to potential employers. This is when people may decide to apply an Audience strategy where they separate their professional and personal networks, hence resulting in multiple online identities. (Ollier-Malaterre and Rothbard, 2015).

Perhaps, one may think that having multiple online identities will help separate their professional life from their personal. But could they be setting a trap for themselves?


A simple Google search of my name produced a mix result that showed links to my personal blogs, Facebook and Twitter account and professional Twitter account. The Internet does not help you filter out what content is for your professional or personal purposes.


The graphic depicts how well Internet users manage their online identities. (Madden, Fox, Smith, Vitak, 2007)

This is where the danger of having multiple online identities comes in. Everyone, including myself, MUST learn how to manage our online identities, or we may end up like Cella(Flacy,2015), a Texas teenager that got fired from her job about cursing about it on Twitter.

Putting aside the concern about professionalism and employment, one advantage of having multiple online identities is that it allows you to join different communities based on different interests. Danah Boyd, a social media researcher for Microsoft Research said “Different sites, different audiences, different purposes.” (Nicole Lee, 2016) With our diverse lifestyle, each individual has a myraid of experiences that are uncommon to some and relatable to others.

I personally prefer to have multiple online identities as it allows me to express myself and look at things in different perspectives. As long as I am watchful about my words, I see no problem in having varying online identities.

Word Count: 400 Words

Internet Society, Online Identity-An Overview, http://www.internetsociety.org//sites/default/files/flash/online_identity_overview/story.html, [Accessed on 7 November 2016]

Costa Cristina, Torres Ricardo, 2011,To be or not to be, the importance of Digital Identity in the networked society, http://eft.educom.pt/index.php/eft/article/view/216/126, [Accessed on 7 November 2016]

Megan O’Neill, 17 May 2012, How to Use Social Media to Land a Great Job Or Internship [Infographic], http://www.adweek.com/socialtimes/social-media-job-internship-infographic/97490?red=st, [Accessed on 7 November 2016]

Ariane Ollier-Malaterre, Nancy Rothbard, 26 March 2015, How to Seperate the Personal and Professional on Social Media, https://hbr.org/2015/03/how-to-separate-the-personal-and-professional-on-social-media, [Accessed on 7 November 2016]

Mary Madden, Susannah Fox, Aaron Smith, Jessica Vitak, 16 December 2007, Digital Footprints, http://www.pewinternet.org/2007/12/16/digital-footprints/, [Accessed on 7 November 2016]

Mike Flacy, 11 Feburary 2015, Teen gets fired on Twitter after cursing about her new job,
http://www.digitaltrends.com/social-media/teen-gets-fired-twitter-cursing-new-job/#ixzz4PKe40OK9 , [Accessed on 7 November 2016]

Nicole Lee, 3 April 2016, Having multiple online identities is more normal then you think, https://www.engadget.com/2016/03/04/multiple-online-identities/, [Accessed on 7 November 2016]


|Topic 1| Reflection #MANG2049

Topic 1 Reflection.jpgSomething is wrong if I am still unable to explain the concept behind Digital “visitors” and “residents” after reading all the articles and blog posts on it. Lucky for me, everyone did a real good job explaining and giving their insights, I hope my post was able to do the same for them!

The gist of this topic is that it is about time we migrated from Prensky’s “Digital Immigrants” and “Digital Natives” framework to White’s ‘Visitors and Residents’ Model, as mentioned by Klarissa. Like myself, many of my peers (80% of the posts I have read!) are unable to decide if they are a “visitor” or a “resident”. They did however give very interesting examples for each of them. Jia Jiun brought up a point about us being dependent on the internet to help us remember our passwords and usernames. It made me realise that we are dependent on the Internet in many subtle ways that we may not even realise. Perhaps all of us may really be a digital “resident” in many ways than the other.

I really like this module, it has such a different way of educating us!!! I feel like this is ten times more productive and effective than most modules I have taken in my education life hahah but I think the best part is how it allows us to express ourselves differently, and it gave me the opportunity to see how great my peers are as writers. Some things I definitely learnt while reading and wish to apply to my future posts are how my peers made their content more interesting. The simple use of a poll by Maureen made her content more interactive, and the use of bolding by Norman helped me focus on points he was trying to put across which I might otherwise have just skimmed past. Many also used the help of videos and images to enhance the readability of their posts.

Just the first post and I am already having fun! Looking forward to creating more content for this module~

(342 Words)

Blogs I have commented on:


|Topic 1|“Digital Visitors” and “Digital Residents” #MANG2049

Topic 1.jpg

Sitting behind my laptop right now trying to decide if I am a digital visitor or resident myself while attempting to make sense of what I have read up about this topic.

Just to start myself(and you) on the right path, I need to emphasise that we should not view “visitors” and “residents” as separate entities but a continuum(David S. White, Alison Le Cornu)(in other words, a continuous series where no part is perceptibly different from the other) instead. I will explain more after defining these terms!


Digital “visitors” are people who visit the web with a specific purpose like finding the nearest clinic or the cheapest food in town and leave after getting what they want. These people have no interests in a prolonged stay or engagement in any online social interaction.

Conversely, digital “residents” visit the web with the intention of engaging with others, possibly through mediums like Facebook, YouTube, or online forums like Quora(David White). They treat the web as a social space and it often takes up a huge part of their lives.

I would love to give specific examples of “visitors” and “residents”, but like I mentioned earlier, I believe that there is no clear distinction between these two Internet users. In fact, it would be rather myopic to simply dictate someone as a ‘visitor’ or ‘resident’. Preferably I would like to make the comparison based on the degree of web usage that each person uses, and conclude if they are more of a “visitor” or “resident” than giving a definite answer.

I say so because the purpose that people use the internet for is ever-changing. Before this module started, I daresay I hardly had much social interaction on the internet (unless of course you include internet-based messaging like WhatsApp). I was highly inactive on my social media accounts, I never joined any community or forums, and only had a few online diaries that I frankly do not update often either.

Things are different now with the commencement of this very course, because right now I am about to be a daily blogger and user of Twitter, and I will definitely be engaging a lot more with my lecturers and classmates online.

So does this convert me from a digital “visitor” to a “resident”? Do I revert back to being a “visitor” after this module ends?

“Visitor” or “Resident”, I do not think I will ever come to a decision.

(399 Words)


David S. White, Alison Le Cornu, 5 September 2011, Visitors and Residents: A new typology for online engagement, http://firstmonday.org/article/view/3171/3049%20https://comminfo.rutgers.edu/~tefko/Courses/Zadar/Readings/Selwyn%20dig%20natives,%20Aslib%20Proceedings%202009.pdf [Accessed on 3 Nov 2016]

Ian Clark, 16 July 2015, Visitors and residents: understanding digital behaviours, http://www.infotoday.eu/Articles/Editorial/Featured-Articles/Visitors-and-residents-understanding-digital-behaviours-105217.aspx [Accessed on 3 Nov 2016]

David White, 2015, Visitors and Residents, http://daveowhite.com/vandr/ [Accessed on 3 Nov 2016]




Hi There!

Accurate ^.

Have yet to officially start on this module and I like it already. Why travel one and a half hours to go to school when you can lie in bed and listen to your lectures and discussions? And did someone say no exams????

Looking forward to engaging with my classmates and lecturers from the United Kingdoms. Its time to be more pro-active guys. I take that as my challenge in the next 24 days. We can do it!


(Picture Credit: http://pictify.saatchigallery.com/406499/happy-pug)